A ball joint is a bearing that allows a rotating shaft in the bore of the inner ring. This bearing connects the control arm to the steering Knuckles. The ball joint is a central point between the wheels and the interlude of your vehicle.
Before you know how to repair a ball joint, it's required to have knowledge of what a ball joint consists of. It's a round steel ball that combines with a bearing stud and socket that is enclosed into a lubricate metal house.
In most cases, if you look at the front interlude, you will find upper and lower ball joints on both sides. The low ball joints take off all the front weight of vehicles. So, It's bigger and deteriorates faster.
Your ball joint just has broken up and you want to replace it? But sometimes in the case of a modern car, you can't always simply exchange the ball joint. To repair you might have to exchange whole lower control arms. So it becomes three times more expensive. Why spend money when you can repair it easily by yourself. Let's have a look at how you can repair a ball joint.
How to Repair a Ball Joint
Below are the steps you can follow to repair a ball joint. Give these steps a thorough read and act accordingly.
Step:1 Get Your Tools
Prepare all the stuff you need to repair a ball joint. You will need scissors to cut out the repair patch and rubber solution to attach it with the patch. You will also need oil to grease the joint and for cleaning purpose you will be in need of cleaning alcohol and rag.
Step 2: Clean off the work area
Rub the area of your ball joint as it requires a dust cover. Use sandpaper to clean it well. Use an oil solution lubricant to grease the joints. You can use your finger for greasing. But using a syringe will work better. It will help your joints part reaching the lubricant thoroughly.
Use a rag with an alcoholic cleaning solution to clean off dust and grease that come out from the joints.
Step 3: Cut out the repair patch
Now all you need to do is cut out the repair patch and make sure to clean it well. Use sandpaper and clean it with alcohol.
Step 4: Glue the patch
For the rubber solution, apply glue both patch and the dust cover. Wait for the patch to dry out until It gets sticky.
Step 5: Attach the patch
In this stage, you have to apply the patch carefully. While attaching the patch, it may stick at contact. So, you have to work slowly with patience. Message the patch slowly for making it easy but don't apply much pressure that the grease may leak out.
Step 6: Finish up
The glue will dry up and stick the patches after a couple of minutes. For that time wait and observe if you have pointed the patches in the right place.
If you ensure that the patches stick well then it's time to put your car back together. Good work, you are done for now.
How to Remove A Ball Joint Without A Press?
A fully damaged ball joint can swivel and vandalize the handling at low-pace and it's not safe at high speed. Even, while making a turn you will hear a sound. In this situation, for safety, you need to replace the ball joint. Want to know how to remove a ball joint without a press? Just follow these steps and you are done.
Step 1: Preparations
To remove a ball joint you will need some tools. Let's arrange them first to perform the work. All you need is a jack with a jack stands, wire, pry bar, metal cleaner, tool chests, hammed, pickle fork and gasket. If you are ready now with all the required tools then get yourself prepared.
Step 2: Safety
Remember, It's always important to put on your safety gear first before performing any hard metal adjusting task. Use gloves and glasses to keep your hands and eyes safe.
Park your vehicle on a flat surface and make sure you blocked both the front and back wheels.
Use a jack lift to the front wheel and place the jack stands to support the vehicles. Confirm that nothing will move when you start working. Now you are ready to start your work on the ball joint.
Step 3: check the ball joints
Check the ball joint and see if you have a strut-style suspension or a control arm. Jack up the car and use a pry-bar to assess wheel play in a strut style suspension. In the case of a control arm, you can also assess the wheel play and check the ball joint by using jack stands.
Step 4: Remove the wheel to work easily on ball joint
You may have to detach the brakes. To separate it, use a wire to hang the brakes tightly by the brake lines. Lose the frames to adjust space when the sway bar and control arm demands.
Step 5: Pull the Cotter Pin and Loosen the Castellated Nut
Removing castellated nut is not needed to remove. You can just loosen it and adjust it as you want. Don't forget to keep it in a safe position.
Step 6: Pop the Ball Joint Out
Use a special tool known as pickle fork or tie rod separator to unfit the very tight hole in the upper half of the steering knuckles.
Remove the biggest nut from the joint by using the wrench. Now attach a new nut and locate the pickle fork between the steering knuckle and the control arm.
Step 7: Detach the Allen Bolts and Slide Free the Control Arm
To hold the ball joint in position and slide the ball joint out. you need to loosen the Allen bolts. There are some parts you need to heat with a torch to slack them.
Voila! You have completed your task of removing the ball joint. Now replace it and you’re completely done.
Some relevance FAQ for you
How long do ball joints last?
It depends on the maximum period allowance that manufacturers recommend for movement. Generally, you can expect your ball joints last between 70,000 to 150,000 miles of driving.
What does a bad ball joint do?
Ball joints connect the arms to the front wheel spindle. A bad ball joint can separate them and can fold over a tire or slide back. If you ever have seen a car stuck in the road and the tire is folded over a tire then understand that it happens for a bad ball joint.
Ball joints are a very important part of the steering and suspension process. Therefore, it is used to facilitate movement in all directions. A bad ball joint can be a safety issue or give you a bad day. So repairing it or replacing it on time is a smart move.
If you have gone through the article thoroughly, you know by now how to repair a ball joint. I believe you won’t be needing any expert’s help anymore.